International Journal of Innovative Trends in Engineering
Approved By International Serial Standard(ISSN), National Science Library(NSL) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources(NISCAIR)
ISSN: 2395-2946 (Online)

News Updates: IJITE October 2017 Volume 34 Edition Published Sucessfully.                Call for Papers: IJITE Inviting Research Papers For Volume 35 (November 2017) Edition.

IJITE - Volume 07, Number 01

Published On : July 2015
SNo. Paper Title & Authors Page Download
An Extensive Literature Review on Digital Image Watermarking
Abhilasha Malviya
Abstract: In this review research work our have analyzed Watermarking techniques, grayscale image (logo) is used as watermark. In watermark embedding process, both the host image and watermark image are transformed into DWT domain where their coefficients are fused according to a series combination rule that take into account contrast sensitivity characteristics of the HVS. The method repeatedly merges the watermark coefficients strongly in more salient components at the various resolution levels of the host image which provides simultaneous spatial localization and frequency spread of the watermark to provide robustness against different attacks. Watermark extraction process requires original image for watermark extraction. In spread spectrum based watermarking technique, a visually recognizable binary image is used as watermark. In watermark embedding process, the host image is transformed into DWT domain.
Keywords: Digital Image Watermarking & DWT.
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Literature Review on Asynchronous Cooperative Systems
Meenakshi Pal, Asstt. Prof. Anupam Vyas, Asstt. Prof. Arun Shukla
Abstract: In this review work we have presented the analysis of Space-time coding that reduces the detrimental effect of channel fading in order to enhance system efficiency. The space-time receiver takes advantage of diverse propagation paths on transmits and receive antennas to improve the performance of wireless communication. It contains a literature survey of the recent developments in MIMO signaling. The main types of space-time codes are block and trellis codes. Space-time block codes (STBC) operate on a block of input symbols, producing a matrix output. Space-time block codes do not generally provide coding gain. Space-time block codes alone generally have little or no coding gain. To extract coding gain, space-time block codes have been previously concatenated with an outer trellis to generate simple and powerful codes, recognized as super-orthogonal codes. New algorithms would be developed to efficiently build trellises for various full-rate MIMO codes, for that reason they extend the concept of trellis-block MIMO coding beyond orthogonal and quasi-orthogonal codes.
Keywords: Orthogonal Space-Time Block Code, Asynchronous Cooperative Communication.
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An Extensive Literature Review on MIMO OFDM System
Dimple Kaka, Asst. Prof. Anupam Vyas, Asstt. Prof. Arun Shukla
Abstract: In this review paper we presented the study of orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing and multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) area units the key experience for today’s world. A multiple input multiple output experience will considerably increase data rate and spectrum potency while not occupying any further information measure. To the algorithms of detection area unit studied at that: Zero-Forcing (ZF) technique, most probability (ML) technique, QR decomposition with M-algorithm most probability technique (QRM-MLD), Minimum Mean sq. Error (MMSE) technique and (SD) Sphere decryption technique. The study shows that the most effective doable signal technique is higher to alternative signal strategies on bit-error-rate (BER) presentation. The BER presentation in an exceedingly related to MIMO-OFDM state of affairs of the strategies are studied. The capability of the ST coded OFDM system are often redoubled by increasing the quantity of ST coded OFDM terminals at the transmitter. Study justify that the ST coded multiple transmit and multiple receive antenna OFDM system as ST coded MIMO-OFDM system.
Keywords: Channel Estimation, MIMO-OFDM, multipath propagation; MMSE.
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Application of Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets In Decision Making Problem Using Revised Max-Min Composition Technique
P. Gomathi Sundari, P.Thiruveni, A. Mohamed Ali
Abstract: In this paper, we proposed an application of intuitionistic fuzzy sets in career determination using max-min average composition for intuitionistic fuzzy sets.
Keywords: Fuzzy Set, Intuitionistic Fuzzy set, Max-Min Average Compostion, Career Determination
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A Comparative Study: Reverse Engineering Flowcharting Tools
Nivedita Tiwari, Lalji Prasad
Abstract: The paper describes the Reverse Engineering methodology used to produce from source code a hierarchy of Flow Charts at different levels of trance and ensure consistency with code. Reverse engineering is the process of analyzing, maintaining and evolving legacy systems to understand the system through analysis of its code structure, function and operation by program discernment. The Flowchart is an approach for specifying, constructing and visualizing the system graphically and has been in practical use on a very wide basis but still lacks formal and precise understanding. By Reverse Engineering it is useful in maintenance and restructuring activities during the development of software systems. This paper illustrates several Reverse engineering tools and functionality of such tools varies according to their features and capabilities. We identified benefits and shortcomings of these tools and assessed their applicability for software systems, their usability, and their extensibility as a case study.
Keywords: Reverse Engineering, Tool Evaluation, Flow Charts structure.
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Elasto-Plastic Deformation Process of Cold Rolling
Binkam Naga Murali, Shaik Himam Saheb, Nomula Manideep
Abstract: Based on the important boundary condition of flat rolling simulation including friction, heat condition interactions of the work piece as well as rolls, the flat rolling process is identified as the problem of study for aluminum metals using FEA. Thus simulation results show that it is safe to produce flat rolling. There are concave surface and increased widths occurring at the end of rolled billet. For the materials Al-360 & Al 7475 at the 10%, 20% and 30% reduction rate with a 12 mm plate, the analysis by using Ansys software and also the experimental work for both materials by using same radius of rollers have been conducted.
Keywords: Cold rolling, aluminum, stress, rolling pressure, rolling load, torque, Ansys.
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Simplified Model for the Analysis of RC Frames using Seismic Analysis
Bharath H K, Sanjay S J
Abstract: The usual practice of analyzing the reinforced concrete framed structure is to analyse it as skeleton members which has columns, beams and slabs. But in reality structures also comprises masonry infill. Due to its complexity of modeling it has excluded. Most of the research works have proved that the masonry infill possess strength and stiffness to the structure. In the present study, it is attempted to know the performance of the masonry infilled frames with different opening ratios which is adopted in micro modeling and by providing diagonal strut with opening area ratios which is adopted in macro modeling which are analysed by using SAP2000. From the parameters obtained by these two analysis equations for strut width and reduction factor are determined by regression analysis by using ORIGIN. These analysis are performed for varying relative stiffness and for different aspect ratios. Response spectrum analysis is performed by using ETABS by replacing the masonry by equivalent strut for G+8 reinforced concrete frames for constant relative stiffness and varying aspect ratios. The strut is reduced upto 50% and behaviour of the structure is observed. The parameters such as time period, base shear, storey displacement, storey drift and storey stiffness are obtained and compared. It is observed that as the aspect ratio increases the displacement is more which leads to decrease in stiffness.
Keywords: Micro model, Macro model, Strut width, Reduction factor, Regression analysis, Response Spectrum analysis.
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Weighted Link Optimal Routing Algorithm for WSN using Genetic Algorithm
Astha Mishra, Sunil Phulre, Dr. Vineet Richhariya
Abstract: Wireless sensor networks are already used for monitoring and gathering information in physically challenging environments. Their field of applicability is continuously increasing and shifting from environment observing, military applications to checking patients in medical treatment center facilities. The limitations because of their intrinsic operational requirements make routing in wireless sensor networks an enormously difficult task. This paper covers Genetic calculation (GA) based routing algorithm, for finding the optimal (trade-off between Energy and Quality of service) path in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). The routing in multi-hop networks can be considered as an optimization problem where the path has to find under a number of constrains applied. The optimal routing finds the path with minimal compromising of quality of service and maintains the efficient utilization of resources. Finally the simulation outcomes demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is an effective approach for WSNs because of their better performance with simpler computational complexity.
Keywords: Optimization, Routing Problem, Genetic algorithm, Wireless sensor networks.
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