International Journal of Innovative Trends in Engineering
Approved By International Serial Standard(ISSN), National Science Library(NSL) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources(NISCAIR)
ISSN: 2395-2946 (Online)

News Updates: IJITE October 2017 Volume 34 Edition Published Sucessfully.                Call for Papers: IJITE Inviting Research Papers For Volume 35 (November 2017) Edition.

IJITE - Issue 51, Volume 31, Number 01

Published On : July 2017
SNo. Paper Title & Authors Page Download
An Extensive Survey on Controlling of Harmonic In Circulating Current For MMC-HVDC
Pratibha Singh, Prof. Manish Awasti
Abstract: Abstract - The modular topology of MMC enables to build high voltage converters with a higher scalability and fault tolerance. By increasing the number of voltage levels in the output using more sub modules, the power capability can be increased and the switching frequency can be effectively reduced. Furthermore, as the harmonics of the output voltage are reduced due to increased voltage levels, less filtering is required hereby improving the compactness of the system. The reduced switching frequency will also help in decreasing the switching losses significantly and thus leading to increased power ratings of the converter. Besides, as there is no direct series connections of the several semiconductor switches involved, problems related to simultaneous switching are also avoided. Nevertheless, low order voltage harmonics at low switching frequencies put a larger energy storage requirement than as in traditional two level converters. Thus, deriving a model that can completely describe the technical characteristics of the converter, including the internal dynamics of the SM capacitor voltages and currents circulating between the legs of the converter is of significant importance. Grid-connected high-power converters are found in high-voltage direct current transmission (HVDC), static compensators (STATCOMs), and supplies for electric railways. Such power converters should have a high reliability, high efficiency, good harmonic performance, low cost, and a small footprint.
Keywords: Modular multilevel converter (MMC), feed-forward control, modulation, switching frequency, energy storage.
Full Text
Study Report Efficient Power Control of Active and Reactive Power in Grid Connected Multi Level PV System using Fuzzy Approach
Poorva Goswami, Prof. Preeti Gupta
Abstract: grid-connected Large-scale photovoltaic (PV) systems significantly contribute renewable energy to worldwide the growth and penetration, which has inspired the application of cascaded modular multilevel converters due to their unique features such as modular structures, enhanced energy harvesting capability, scalability etc. [2] Addresses challenge on output voltage overmodulation when considering the varied and nonuniform solar energy on segmented PV arrays issue and propose a decoupled active and reactive power control strategy to enhance system operation performance. We proposed method significantly controls the voltage from input to output including reactive and active power and reduces the problems mentioned above in [1] the simulation waveforms clearly show the effectiveness of the proposed method for PV based distribution system. This work presents comprehensive study of the performance enhancement of a Grid Connected Multi Level PV System using fuzzy logic.
Keywords: PV System, Cascaded Structure, Fuzzy Logic, over modulation, Active and Reactive Power.
Full Text
Analysis Of Congestion Control Algorithm For VANET: A Perspective View
Vijendra Pratap Singh, Prof. S. R. Yadav
Abstract: Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), which is a subclass of Mobile ad hoc networks, have recently been developed as a standard means of communication among moving vehicles because it has tremendous potential to improve vehicle and road safety, traffic efficiency. VANET applications has the characteristics such as fast change of topology, bandwidth limitation and lack of central coordinationn that causes network congestion which restricts the network performance. Number of solutions proposed to overcome these challenges and to reduce congestion on VANET. These solutions include congestion control algorithms, some of them based on maintaining the beacon load below certain threshold value by adjusting transmit power or transmit rate or both. And others are based on utility function, carrier sense threshold, prioritization or a combination of them. Hence, this study takes a closer look at existing congestion control algorithms to solve congestion problems because it affects the performance of safety messages. The study further exposes the weaknesses and advantages of some of these congestion control algorithms, which can be helpful to tackle with the problems of congestions in VANETs.
Keywords: VANET, Beacon messages, Event driven messages, Congestion control, IEEE 802.11p
Full Text
A Survey on Underwater Image Restoration using Single Color Channel Prior
Nitu Sharma, Prof. Rachana Dubey
Abstract: Image restoration is the process of recovering an image that has been degraded by using a priori knowledge of the degradation phenomenon. Restoration techniques involve modeling of the degradation function and applying the inverse process to recover the original image. This process is processed in two domains: spatial domain and frequency domain. Image restoration is one of the prime areas of image processing and it is very much objective .The restoration techniques are based on mathematical and statistical models of image degradation. Denoising and deblurring tasks come under this category. Its objective is to recover the images from degraded observations. The techniques involved in image restoration are oriented towards modeling the degradations and then applying an inverse procedure to obtain an approximation of the original image. Noise in an image is a very common problem. An image gets corrupted with noise during acquisition, transmission, storage and retrieval processes. Efficient suppression of noise in an image is a very important issue. Denoising finds extensive applications in many fields of image processing. Image Denoising is an important pre-processing task before further processing of image like segmentation, feature extraction, texture analysis etc.
Keywords: Image Denoising, Underwater imaging, underwater image restoration, image restoration techniques, image processing.
Full Text
A Study On Impact Of Gst After Its Implementation In India
Parth Modi
Abstract: 1st July, 2017 GST has launched in India, in 29th March 2017 All 4 GST bills passed in Loksabha by PM Modi. In today’s scenario we pay various taxes i.e. Direct and Indirect taxes, which are felt as burden on us and due to these taxes the corruption is increasing. So, to overcome from all these taxation system the Central Government has decided to make one tax system i.e. Goods and Services Tax (GST). GST is a single tax on the supply of goods and services, right from the manufacturer to the consumer. Credits of input taxes paid at each stage will be available in the subsequent stage of value addition, which makes GST essentially a tax only on value addition at each stage. The final consumer will thus bear only the GST charged by the last dealer in the supply chain, with set-off benefits at all the previous stages. GST will also help to accelerate the overall Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country. GST is now accepted all over the world and countries are using it for sales tax system. This paper will help to show that, what will be the impact of GST after its implementation in India, difference between present Indirect Taxes and GST and what will be the benefits and challenges of GST after implementation. How it will impact on different Goods and Services. Whether it is beneficial for Indian economy or not?
Keywords: Central, State, Dual, GST, Indirect Tax, Direct Tax, GDP, Implementation.
Full Text
Failure Test Simulation of Graphite Fiber Reinforced Polymer using Finite Element Analysis
Peeyush Maheshwari, Anadi Misra
Abstract: Present work provides a numerical tool for analyzing first ply-failure test for multidirectional Graphite Fiber Reinforced Polymer plates using finite element simulation in ANSYS. A model has been developed for simulation of the failure test of the laminated composite. Eight plates of Graphite Fiber Reinforced Polymer with various stacking sequences are analyzed for failure load. Failure strength of the composite depends upon the material and orientation of the fiber. In the analysis, it is investigated that Graphite Fiber Reinforced Polymer laminated plate finite element results are very close to experimental results taken from literature. Finite element analysis is preferred over the experimental tests as it is more convenient and economical method of analysis. So this method of simulation is more suitable for future work.
Keywords: First Ply Failure, Laminated Composite, Finite Element Solver.
Full Text
Analysis Of Intrusion Detection Technique In Data Mining: A Survey
Deepa Hindoliya ,Prof. Avinash Sharma
Abstract: Cyber terrorism has recently been said to be the biggest threat to our modern society. Every day a new cyber-scare story makes the headlines. The national government recognizes the importance of cyber security, as several officials have made clear in the past few years “Cyber security is among the most serious economic and national security challenges we will face in the 21st Century, we face a long-term challenge in cyberspace from foreign intelligence agencies and militaries, criminals, and others, and, this struggle will wreak serious damage on the economic health and national security. For the prevention and detection of cyber terrorism used intrusion detection system, intrusion detection system detects illegal behavior of network over data. In current research trend performance of intrusion detection system is important issue. Now various authors’ used machine learning and feature optimization technique for intrusion detection system. Machine learning technique is collection of all learning algorithm such as classification, clustering and regression. For the improvement of machine learning technique used feature optimization technique. In this paper presents review of intrusion detection technique using machine learning and feature optimization process.
Keywords: IDS, Machine Learning, Feature Optimization, KDDCUP, Traffics features, PCA.
Full Text
Various Occluded Object Information Recovery in Urban High-Resolution Panchromatic Satellite Images
Kartik Ingole, Shruti Golar
Abstract: The presence of shadows in very high-resolution panchromatic satellite images can obstruct some objects to cause the reduction or loss of their information, particularly in urban scenes. To recover the obstructed information of objects, shadow removal is a significant processing procedure for the image interpretation and application. Over the years many researchers have proposed various techniques for detection and removal of obstructed information. We have reviewed and analyzed different techniques which have been used over the years. The review includes research papers, publication and other available literature. We have tried to provide a comparative analysis of various schemes and we put forward the observations obtained from the review.
Keywords: panchromatic satellite images, shadow removal, spatial adaptive nonlocal sparse (SANS), bimodal histogram.
Full Text
A Literature Review on Solar Air Heater with Roughened Duct having Arc-Shaped Wire
Shailesh Kumar Ram, Prof. Hemant Kumar Tandan, Prof. Dharmendra Rathore
Abstract: Solar air heater is one of the basis equipment through which solar energy is converted into thermal energy. The solar air heater has an important place among solar heat collectors. It can be used as sub-systems in many systems meant for the utilization of solar energy. Possible applications of solar air heaters are drying or curing of agricultural products, space heating for comfort regeneration of dehumidifying agents, seasoning of timber, curing of industrial products such as plastics. When air at high temperature is required the design of a heater becomes complicated and very costly. As far as the ultimate application for heating air to maintain a comfortable environment is concerned, the solar air heater is the most logical choice. In general solar heaters are quite suitable for low and moderate temperatures application as their design is simple.
Keywords: Heat strip; Acceleration cooling; Electronics Heat transfer; Numerical simulation; Power engineering and energy; Resistance Heat transfer; Numerical simulation
Full Text
Vibration Analysis of Composite Cantilever Beam with Surface-Crack
Nitish Kumar Saini, Anadi Misra
Abstract: Composite beam, column and struts like components are essential constituents of many structures and utilized generally in heavy machines, flying machine and light weight constructions. In present study.The main focus is on the study of vibration analysis because in any structure dynamic attributes varies with many factors like in case of composites angle of fiber orientation, fiber volume fraction affects the natural frequencies and mode shapes. In present investigation, ANSYS is used to study the variation in dynamic attributes in the presence of surface-crack by varying fiber volume fraction and angle of orientation of fibers. The present examination demonstrates that the most noteworthy distinction in frequencies happens when the angle of orientation of fibers is equal to zero degrees.
Keywords: Dynamic attributes, Fiber orientation, Fiber Volume Fraction, Natural Frequencies, ANSYS, Surface-Crack
Full Text