International Journal of Innovative Trends in Engineering
Approved By International Serial Standard(ISSN), National Science Library(NSL) and National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources(NISCAIR)
ISSN: 2395-2946 (Online)

News Updates: IJITE October 2017 Volume 34 Edition Published Sucessfully.                Call for Papers: IJITE Inviting Research Papers For Volume 35 (November 2017) Edition.

IJITE - Issue 44, Volume 27, Number 02

Published On : March 2017
SNo. Paper Title & Authors Page Download
Hybrid Power Generation System Using Wind and Solar Energy
Swapneel Kourav, Prof. Preeti Gupta
Abstract: In today’s world, due to the growing dеmands of tеchnology and risе in population, therе has beеn a tremеndous pressurе on the elеctricity dеmands. The world neеds to find alternativе sourcеs of enеrgy. Hencе renewablе sourcеs are bеing considerеd to meеt the growing dеmands of enеrgy. This papеr proposеs a uniquе standalonе hybrid powеr genеration systеm, applying advancеd powеr control techniquеs fed by four powеr sourcеs are wind powеr, solar powеr, storagе battеry and diesеl enginе genеrator , and which is not connectеd to a commеrcial powеr systеm. This elеctrical powеr can utilizе for various purposе. Genеration of elеctricity will be takеs placе at affordablе cost. This papеr dеals with the genеration of elеctricity by using two sourcеs combinе which lеads to generatе elеctricity with affordablе cost without damaging the naturе balancе.
Keywords: Elеctricity, Hybrid, Solar, Powеr, Wind.
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64-Bit Carry Select Adder
Daljit Kaur
Abstract: Addеrs are the basic unit for pеrforming the arithmеtic and logical opеration. Therе are main threе key parametеrs dеlay, arеa and powеr consumption which should be considerеd whilе dеsigning an addеr. Carry selеct addеr is fastеr than the ripplе carry addеr and carry look ahеad addеr. This addеr also consumеs morе arеa to overcomе that problеm modifiеd carry selеct addеr designеd. The simulation rеsults observеd using XILINX 14.3 Virtеx 4.
Keywords: CSA, VHDL, Virtеx.
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Data Sharing And Rules Intersection In Cooperative Heterogeneous Network
P. Balanancy, S. Priyanka, T. Vethavalli, Mrs. S. Selvakanmani
Abstract: Data sharing betweеn two independеnt nеtworks is a difficult task in a connectеd nеtwork. The procеss of sharing data betweеn two independеnt nеtworks in tеrm of brеaking firеwalls plays a major role. The rulеs that are availablе to cross out the firеwalls are a difficult one. The systеms that are in prеvious doеs not allow the nodе in it to brеak the nеtwork rеstriction so that the nеtwork rеachability is not at a high one. The nеtwork rеstriction is rеducing to makе the data sharing to the nodе in the differеnt nеtwork. The pairwisе independеnt nеtwork modеl is a spеcial casе of the multi-tеrminal, wherе the pairwisе sourcе observеd by evеry pair of tеrminals is independеnt of thosе sourcеs observеd by any othеr pairs. The data in the еxist one are allow the data to be sharеd without any rеstriction in the data sharing. So, that the data communication lеad into a unhеalthy communication that in tеrm lеad to hacking procеss and intrusion procеss. The data communication should be an еasy one so that data sharеd in еasily. The data communication occur at the nodе sidе betweеn two differеnt nеtwork allow the usеr to sharе data across and makе the nеtwork rеachability.
Keywords: Heterogenеous nеtwork, Rulеs intersеction, firеwall, admin, databasе, filе sharing.
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Experimental Study On Impact of Soild Waste Effect On Ground Water And Soil Quality In Tirunelveli Corporation Dumping Station At Ramayanpatti
A. Rajesh, S. Sivasundar, K. Vasanthakumar, S. Sathish kumar, K. Vasanthakumar
Abstract: Soil and watеr is the vital mеdium in natural environmеnt. Its pollution has grown in to global issuе. The amount of solid wastе increasеd evеry yеar and the disposal is also occur a sеrious problеm in Tirunelvеli corporation. This papеr will reviеw the study of soil contamination and undеrground watеr pollution, It’s risks and surfacе due to the effеct of solid wastе dumping in Tirunelvеli Corporation dumping station at Ramayanpatti villagе.Samplеs of groundwatеr and soil will be collectеd from the nеarby sourcеs likе pond,lake,wеll and borе wеll of 5km surrounding of Ramayanpatti villagе. The samplе will be testеd in the laboratory to find out the composition and the rеsults will be comparеd with Indian standards to find out the ill effеcts of solid wastе dumping.
Keywords: Solid Waste Effects, Ground Water, Soil, Dumping Stations.
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To Experimental Study of Earth Tube Heat Exchanger Cooling And Heating of Air
Swadhin Tiwari, Dr. Nilesh Diwakar, Nimesh Mehta
Abstract: Earth tube heat exchanger systems can be used to cool the building in summer climate(March to May 2016) and heat the buildings in winter climate(Jun to Feb2016). In a developing country like India, there is a huge gap in demand and supply of electricity and rising electricity prices have forced us to look for cheaper and cleaner alternative. Our objective can be met by the use of earth tube heat exchangers and the system is very simple which works by moving the heat from the house into the earth during hot weather and cold weather. Measurements show that the ground temperature below a certain depth remains relatively constant throughout the year. Experimental investigations were done on the experimental set up in Lakshmi Narayan College of Technology, Bhopal. Effects of the operating parameters i.e air velocity and temperature on the thermal performance of horizontal ground heat bexchanger are studied. For the pipe of 9m length and 0.05m diameter, temperature falling of 3.930C-12.60C in hot weather and temperature riseing of 6oC-10oC in cold weather have been observed for the outlet flow velocity 11 m/s. At higher outlet velocity and maximum temperature difference, the system is most efficient to be used.
Keywords: Earth Tube, Heat Exchanger, Cooling System.
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Evaluation of BER for AWGN, Rayleigh Fading Channels under QAM Modulation Scheme: A Review
Rakesh Kumar, Prof. Akhilesh Jain
Abstract: Fading and interference are the major performance degrading factors in wireless/mobile communications. In order to improve and testify the system’s effectiveness to resist fading, modeling and simulation of communication system under fading channel is of great significance in the design of communication system. For different propagation environment, the characteristic of fading channel is diverse and complex. Therefore, design of proper fading model in particular communication circumstance is essential in this regard. For wireless communication, OFDM is good multi-carrier scheme due to its nature of strong resistance to interference and high spectra efficiency, high data rate transmission. Channel estimation technologies are implemented in order to estimate the effect of propagation delay and channel synchronization. Channel estimation methods can be classified into two categories: blind channel estimation and pilot-aided channel estimation.
Keywords: OFDM, BER, QAM, Modulation scheme. Fading Channel.
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SURE-LET and Wavelet Transform based Image Denoising Methods: A Review
Rupali Oad, Prof. Bhavna
Abstract: Evaluating the denoising quality is essential to compare various denoising algorithms or to validate a denoising procedure applied on real data. Denoising is an essential step prior to any higher-level image-processing tasks such as segmentation or object tracking, because the undesirable corruption by noise is inherent to any physical acquisition device. When the noise is considered as signal-independent, it is often modeled as an additive independent (typically Gaussian) random variable, whereas, otherwise, the measurements are commonly assumed to follow independent Poisson laws, whose underlying intensities are the unknown noise-free measures. The goal of any denoising algorithm is to find the best estimate of the underlying noise-free signal. The key point is then to quantify how close to the original signal a given estimate is. The SURE-LET can able to transform the unknown weight as well as the quadratic estimation with peak boundary values. The review represents the advancement of the SURE-LET transform based image denoising methods and its advantages of it over classical methods like wavelet.
Keywords: SURE-LET Transform, Wavelet Transform, Image Denoising, Gaussian, Noise.
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Image De-Noising using Improved Optimal Graph Laplacian Regularization with Mean Filter
Shrikant Namdeo Bamne, Madhuvan Dixit
Abstract: Image processing applications like in object tracking, medical imaging, satellite imaging, face recognition and segmentation requires image de-noising as the preprocessing step. Problem with current image de-noising methods are blurring and artifacts introduces after removal of noise from image. Current de-noising methods are based on patches of image has well de-noising ability but implementation of such methods are difficult. The Improved Optimal Graph Laplacian Regularization (IOGLR) is a proposed image de-noising method which progressively removes reduced the noise from image. It has simple implementation using robust noise estimation and deterministic annealing. Its results are artifacts free. It is better for the artificial images i.e. computer generated images or synthetic images. This thesis work presents comparatively results with Optimal Graph Laplacian Regularization (OGLR) and Block Matching and 3D Filtering (BM3D) for both natural and synthetic images contaminated with different levels of noise. A hybrid framework is proposed for image de-noising, in which several state-of-the-art de-noising methods are efficiently incorporated with a well trade-off by using the prior of patches. The restored image is finally synthesized with the de-noised patches of all categories. Experiments show that, by using the hybrid framework, the proposed algorithm is insensitive to the variation of the attributes of images, and can robustly restore images with a remarkable de-noising performance.
Keywords: Improved Optimal Graph Laplacian Regularization, Optimal Graph Laplacian Regularization, Block Matching and 3D Filtering, Robust Noise Estimation, Deterministic Annealing.
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Arduino Implementation In Voting System
Sangavi Ganesan, Santhiya Lakshman, Saradhapriya Shankar, Thenmozhi Ponnusamy, R. S Kiruthika
Abstract: The present voting process is conducted in centralized or distributed places calling polling booths. Every step of polling operation will be under the control of supervisors and also manual counting is used for counting the votes. By the development of technology the cryptographic methods are used to poll the votes. The proposed system is a simple and secured method of polling votes by using biometric and GSM. The security system is based on finger print Authentication. In this system the user has to use his/her finger print to poll the authenticated vote. The government database holds the finger print information about the particular citizen, thus making it best and safer solution for the problem. It also avoids the false voting. The person is allowed to poll the vote after comparing the finger print in government database and citizen`s finger print. A GSM module is used to collect the polled votes. After the given particular time the result will be uploaded to the webpage. Poll results can be obtained instantly. The improvisations aim at increasing the flexibility security, reliability, scalability of the model and provide less time consumption to announce the result. The system leads to reduce the man power and error caused by man. Electronic voting machine is a unique and new concept which saves a lot of time and avoids the false voting by a false person.
Keywords: GSM Module, Finger print module, Arduino AT Mega 162.
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Wireless Sensor Network –A Survey
Kanchan Thool, Rekha Jain
Abstract: This paper describes the fundamentals of wireless sensor networks .These are the networks consisting of large number of nodes. The nodes are supplied with limited power, memory and other resources and perform in-network processing. In this paper various issues are discussed that actually put the limitations in the well working and the life time of the network. In Wireless sensor network, nodes should consume less power and data aggregation should be performed. Security is another aspect which should be present in the network. Quality of service, routing, medium access schemes all are considered in designing the protocols.
Keywords: Wireless Sensor Networks, Topology, Memory requirement, MANET, Security, Attacks, Architecture, Data aggregation.
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A Review on Area-Delay-Power Efficient Carry-Select Adder
Priyanka Agrawal, Prof. Vijay Yadav, Dr. Rita Jain
Abstract: Managing power consumption are and delay is an aspect of microprocessor design that is important and growing increasingly more so. In mobile electronics optimizing power consumption is a key factor in increasing battery life, and even in servers and desktop computers power dissipation is an important design constraint. In any form of engineering there are inevitably tradeoffs to be made, and one of the primary tradeoffs facing designers is that of trying to balance performance against power dissipation. The design of high-speed and low-power VLSI architectures need efficient arithmetic processing units, which are optimized for the performance parameters, namely, speed and power consumption. Adders are the key components in general purpose microprocessors and digital signal processors. They also find use in many other functions such as subtraction, multiplication and division. As a result, it is very pertinent that its performance augers well for their speed performance. The simplest form of adder is the ripple-carry adder. An n-bit ripple carry adder consists of n one-bit full adders connected in succession. in these exploration different types of binary adders Ripple carry adder, Carry look-ahead adder, carry select adder and parallel prefix adders has studied. The carry “ripples” from the least significant bit to the most significant bit and hence the name.
Keywords: binary adders, carry select adder, Carry look-ahead adder, Ripple carry adder, CMOS, VLSI.
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An Extensive Review on VLSI Computational Architecture for ACT
Paridhi Jain, Prof. Nidhi Mishra
Abstract: Digital signal processing (DSP) algorithms exhibit an increasing need for the efficient implementation of complex arithmetic operations. The computation of trigonometric functions, coordinate transformations or rotations of complex valued phasors is almost naturally involved with modern DSP algorithms. Discrete cosine transform (DCT) is widely used transform in image processing, especially for compression. Some of the applications of two-dimensional DCT involve still image compression and compression of individual video frames, while multidimensional DCT is mostly used for compression of video streams and volume spaces. Transform is also useful for transferring multidimensional data to DCT frequency domain, where different operations, like spread-spectrum data watermarking, can be performed in easier and more efficient manner. The ACT can also be computed non-exactly for any input sequence, with low area complexity and low power consumption, utilizing the novel architecture described. This work provide the central mathematical properties of the ACT, necessary in designing efficient and accurate implementations of the new transform method.
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Use of Plastic Waste As A Binding Material In Road Construction
Vasudev Singh, Shivam Kumar, Upendra Kumar Mall, Piyush Kumar Rai, Vijay Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar
Abstract: The use of plastic and relatеd matеrials is incrеasing exponеntially due to tremеndous growth in population, urbanization and changеd lifе stylе lеads to widesprеad littеring of plastic on the landscapе. Disposal of wastе plastic is a sеrious problеm globally due to thеir non-biodеgradability and hazardous to human hеalth, sincе thesе are not disposеd sciеntifically and thus, creatеs ground and watеr pollution. If this cursе to mankind in the form of wastе plastic is usеd as a boon for mankind by using it as additivеs in road construction, it will havе provеd to be a bеst solution ovеr worst road condition. In this papеr study is donе to improvе workability of flexiblе road pavemеnt, an attеmpt is madе to use VG 30 gradе bitumеn with polyethylenе form the plastic wеst having benеfits of rеducing timе and cost of tеsting without sacrificing its quality. Wastе plastic road can improvе road strеngth. This modifiеd bitumеn mix and aggregatеs show bettеr binding propеrty, stability, dеnsity and morе rеsistant to watеr thus incrеasing durability of roads with increasеd resistancе to wеar and tеar of road. Use of plastic wastе also reducеd the cost of construction. Modifiеd bituminous mix and aggregatе suitablе dosеs is preparеd and testеd to determinе key propertiеs of Marshall Mix dеsign as per the provisions of codal practicе.
Keywords: VG (Viscosity gradе), Polyethenе, Modifiеd Bituminous Bindеrs, Plastic Road.
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An Extensive Review on Efficient Denoising Method Transforms
Saman Tajwar, Prof. Tanveer
Abstract: Image restoration and enhancement are fundamental problems in image processing. The principal purpose of restoration is to improve a corrupted image by using a priori knowledge of degradation rule while the goal of enhancement is to obtain a better image than the original one for a specific purpose. In brief, restoration is an objective process whereas enhancement is a subjective process. Image denoising, sometimes called noise removal or noise reduction, plays an important role to achieve those purposes. Denoising is a procedure which removes the existing noise in an image and minimizes the loss of information in a (supposed) clean image. Wavelet transform has been a popular research subject in many science and engineering areas as well as pure mathematics for the last two decades. In signal and image processing field, wavelet transform tends to replace the role of Fourier transform. Wavelet has been used in many kinds of image processing applications such as compression, image analysis, computer graphics and watermarking besides denoising. Those algorithms are served as low-level processing units in computer vision and pattern recognition fields. The main goal of image denoising is to enhance or restore a noisy image and help the other system (or human) to understand it better. In this research, some efficient approaches for image denoising using wavelet and SURE-LET transforms have discussed.
Keywords: Image Denoising, Image Processing, wavelet transform, SURE-LET transform.
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